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Types of Bulk Carriers, Typical Features

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Types of Bulk Carrier Ship,
and Typical Features

Published; Dec 2013 21:11

Mini Bulk vessel, StockCargo

Mini Bulk Carrier

Employed mostly, in short sea shipping trades, or as coastal trade, serving also as feeder vessels to large ships, carrying limited quantities of bulk cargoes generally to smaller ports without restriction-on size of vessel. Some can load in river terminals if Draught is suitable.

 

DWT, Deadweight Length,
(m)
Draught,
(m)
Cargo Holds Cargo Type
3000-14,999 up to-130 Less than 10 1-3 Varies of Dry cargo, including Containers

 

Bulk ship, with self loader discharger, StockCargo

Handysize, Bulker

Medium size, can carry cargoes to a large number of ports, may carry considerable variety and quantity of cargoes. Traditionally together with Handymax, the workhorses of the dry bulk market, the Handy and more recent Handymax types remain popular ships with less than 60,000 DWT. Both Handysize and Handymax carriers are ideal for shipments of different cargoes from smaller ports.

 

DWT, Deadweight Length,
(m)
Draught,
(m)
Cargo Holds Cargo Type
15,000-34,999 130-150 10 5 Cereals, Coal, Steels, Cement, Potash, Rice, Sugar, Gypsum, Forest Products, Scrap, Sulfur, Salt, Vehicles

 

Geared Handymax, Bulk Carrier, StockCargo

Handymax, with cranes

Both Handysize and Handymax carriers are ideal for shipments of different cargoes from smaller ports. Though certain bulk terminal restrictions such as those in Japan mean that many Handymax ships are just under 190 meters in overall length. Compared to very large bulk freighter; handysize and handymax can transport a greater variety of cargo types.

 

DWT, Deadweight Length,
(m)
Draught,
(m)
Cargo Holds Cargo Type
35,000-59,999 150-200 11-12 5 Cereals, Coal, Steels, Cement, Potash, Rice, Sugar, Gypsum, Forest Products, Logs, Wood chips, Scrap, Sulfur, Salt, Vehicles

 

Panamax, StockCargo

Panamax

The dimensions of these ships are determined by the dimensions of the lock chambers, and the depth of the water in the Panama Canal. Largest vessel that can pass through the locks of the Panama canal – breadth 32.2 m, LOA 289.5 m, Draught not more than 12 m.A Panamax vessel shouldn’t exceed these dimensional, in order to easily and safely fit to the lock chambers and the height of the Bridge of Americas at Balboa. More than 90% of the spot fixtures are based on Voyage-charter.
Average size of panamax ship is about 65,000 DWT, and could carry about 55,000T of coal.

 

DWT, Deadweight Length,
(m)
Draught,
(m)
Cargo Holds Cargo Type
60,000-79,999 200-230 13-15 6-7 Oil seeds, Grains, Bauxite, Coal, Iron Ore, Phosphate, Gypsum, Wood chips, Wood Pellets, Sulfur

Capesixe bulker, StockCargo

Capesize

Capesize bulk carriers are the biggest common bulk carrier. Vessel is too big to cross the Panama or Suez canals. Known as Capesize vessels because they have to go around the Cape of Good Hope or Cape Horn. Due to the large size, only big harbors are able to accommodate this
class in fully loaded condition.
 
Subcategory: Suezmax, with maximum capacity of 150,000DWT,The largest vessel that can pass through the Suez canal. The maximum allowed Draught of the Suez canal is currently 18.90 m (62 feet).

 

DWT, Deadweight Length,
(m)
Draught,
(m)
Cargo Holds Cargo Type
80,000-179,999 230-270 17 9 Oil seeds, Cerials, Grains, Coal, Iron Ore